Is Pakistan a failed state?

As long as Pakistan isn’t a full-fledged democracy where the popular vote resounds more than explosives, it will continue to be an unstable country. It’s a country where there are internal differences that makes it look continuously unstable despite the façade of democratic institutions.

The seeds of the dangers it is facing are homegrown. There are the extremists ready to fight the military and to fool them through their spectacular attacks that spares neither top politicians as well as ordinary people. There are the major political parties which accuse each other of betrayal after agreeing to a common goal to win the elections. Nawaz Sharif allied his party Pakistan Muslim League with the party of Pakistan Peoples Party, only to find himself under house arrest because of leading a strong support for the free judiciary movement in Pakistan.

For Pakistan to be on the right track, it needs to end nepotism, the level of corruption among the officials, for impoverished Pakistanis to benefits of international aids, Without transparent policies and democratic process, Pakistan will continue to live in its own vicious circle, that of elections followed by military coups and political protests followed by elections followed by another military coup and waves of political protests.

Concerning its relations with India, it seems that both countries seem to be destined to continue to be suspicious of one another as from their independence there are many issues between them that remain unresolved, particularly Kashmir which is still disputed between them.

Some of the questions about their relations can be:

1- How much influence does India have on Pakistan internal policies?

2- How does India view Pakistan’s close ties with the USA in its fight against terrorism?

3- What role does religion play in the differences between India and Pakistan as the latter is predominantly Muslim while the first is predominantly Hindu and Buddhist?

4- What does it take for India and Pakistan and India to trust each other in view of the record of their enmity that culminated in two wars between them? Can they for example sign an extradition treaty to show their good will?

5- What can Pakistan learn from India’s democracy as in India the transfer of power has been through the ballots while in Pakistan, election results were ignored and power was taken over through military coups , assassinations and imprisonment?

6- Can the last elections in Pakistan which brought an elected government and president be a total break from military takeover? Can democracy succeed in Pakistan despite terrorist threats, the big influence of religious leaders and the deep divisions between the major parties?

1 Comment

  1. kareem said,

    June 18, 2009 at 9:45 pm

    Reasons for Pakistan’s failure:

    Political leaders were victimized. Abusive language was used against those who fought for their independence.

    Read the following article:

    “Allama Mashriqi Maliciously Implicated in Murder Case” by Nasim Yousaf

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